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Biography of Jenny Holzer

See works in the collection

b. 1950, Gallipolis, Ohio

1950
Born on July 29.
1968
Enrolls at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, and takes summer courses at Ohio University.
1970
Studies drawing and printmaking for a year at the University of Chicago.
1972
Graduates from Ohio University with a major in drawing and printmaking.
1973
Travels to France and Spain.
1975
Enrolls at the Rhode Island School of Design, receiving a master's degree in fine arts two years later.
Begins to use language in her work.
1977
Moves to New York after being accepted into the Independent Study Program at the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Creates the Truisms series of aphoristic texts, which she prints and hangs anonymously on walls in Manhattan.
1978
Exhibits the work Painted Room at the Institute for Art and Urban Resources, P.S. 1 in New York.
1979
Publishes the book A Little Knowledge.
Begins the Inflammatory Essays series.
1980
Creates The Living Series with artist Peter Nadin, a frequent collaborator. The series is exhibited for the first time at Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle in Munich and later at Galerie Chantal Crousel in Paris.
Publishes Black Book.
1982
Begins to use LED screens in her work.
The Living Series
is displayed at Barbara Gladstone Gallery in New York.
Participates in Documenta 7 in Kassel, Germany. Receives the Blair Award from the Art Institute of Chicago.
1983
The Institute of Contemporary Art at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia holds an exhibition of Holzer's work.
Publishes the book Truisms and Essays.
1984
Exhibits at the Rotterdam Kunststichting and the Kunsthalle Basel.
Begins The Survival Series, made of silver and black tapes, sometimes accompanied by computer-created images.
1985
Begins the Under a Rock series, inscribing them on granite benches, her first use of this medium.
1986
Exhibits the Signs series in a traveling exhibition that opens at the Des Moines Art Center in Des Moines, Iowa, and later travels to the Aspen Art Museum in Aspen, Colorado; Artspace in San Francisco; Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago; and the List Visual Arts Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1988
Exhibits signs and benches at the Brooklyn Museum of Art in New York.
The Signs and Under a Rock series are displayed at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London.
Creates Art Breaks, featuring texts from various earlier series, which are broadcast at random intervals on MTV.
1989
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York presents an exhibition of Holzer's work.
The Laments series is exhibited at the Dia Art Foundation in New York.
1990
Represents the United States at the XLIV Biennale di Venezia, where she wins the Leone d'Oro for best pavilion. The installation is later exhibited at the Städtische Kunsthalle
Düsseldorf; Louisiana Museum for Moderne Kunst in Humlebaek, Denmark; Albright-Knox Art Gallery in Buffalo, New York; Walker Art Center in Minneapolis; and Dallas Museum ofArt in Dallas.
1992
Exhibits at the Ydessa Hendeles Art Foundation in Toronto.
1993
Exhibits at Zamek Ujazdowski in Warsaw and the Haus der Kunst in Munich.
1994
The Contemporary Art Center in Mito and the Art Gallery Atrium in Fukuoka in Japan hold exhibitions of Holzer's work.
Receives the Skowhegan Medal for Installation from the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine and an honorary doctorate from the University of Ohio in Athens.
1995
Exhibits the Laments series at the Williams College Museum of Art in Williamstown, Massachusetts.
1996
Lustmord, an installation devised from three hundred human bones, is exhibited at the Kunstmuseum des Kantons Thurgau in Warth, Switzerland, and the following year at the Contemporary Arts Museum in Houston.
Receives the Crystal Award from the World Economic Forum in Geneva.
1997
Creates the work Installation for Bilbao for the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao's inaugural exhibition.
1998
Exhibits at the Instituto Cultural Itaú in São Paulo.
1999
The Centro Cultural do Banco do Brasil in Rio de Janeiro organizes an exhibition of Holzer's work.
2000
The Fundación Proa in Buenos Aires exhibits several of the artist's installations.
2001
Exhibits at the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin and at CAPC, Musée d'Art Contemporain de Bordeaux.
Also presents an exhibition at the Chapelle Saint-Louis de la Pitié-Salpêtrière for the Festival d'Automne in Paris. Receives the BZ-Kulturpreis, awarded by the Berliner Zeitung in Berlin.
2002
Named Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government.
Receives the Kaiserring prize from the city of Goslar, Germany. In conjunction with the award, the Mönchehaus Museum für moderne Kunst Goslar presents an exhibition of her work.
2004
The Housatonic Museum of Art in Bridgeport, Connecticut, presents the exhibition Interface: Jenny Holzer and Media Art.
Exhibits at the Kunsthaus Bregenz in Bregenz, Austria. Receives the Public Art Network Award from Americans for the Arts in Washington, D.C. and New York.
2006
Selected, together with Daniel Buren and Liam Gillick, to participate in a competition to create an installation integrated with the Museum Architecture at the Puente la Salve in
Bilbao to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.
2007
Participates in the 52nd Biennale di Venezia.
The Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art in North Adams presents the exhibition Jenny Holzer: Projections , showing new paintings and, for the first time in the United States,
installations comprised of indoor projections.
2008
The exhibition Jenny Holzer: PROTECT PROTECT opens at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago and later travels to the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York and Fondation Beyeler in Riehen, Switzerland.
Creates the installation For the Guggenheim at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York.
Participates in the exhibition The Missing Peace: Artists Consider the Dalai Lama at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco; the exhibition later travels to Daikanyama Hillside Terrace in Tokyo and the Fundación Canal in Madrid.
2010
Installs projections at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts, and the Portland Museum of Art in Portland, Oregon. The Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago, and the Fondation Beyeler in Basel, co-organize the exhibition Jenny Holzer, which will later travel to the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art in Gateshead, UK, and the DHC/ART in Montreal. Her work is shown at the Skarstedt Gallery in New York; the Galerie Yvon Lambert in Paris; and the Talbot Rice Gallery at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.
2011
Installs a projection at the Old Brewery in Poznan, Poland. The Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin inaugurates an exhibition dedicated to her work. Her work is part of group exhibitions shown at the Skulpturenpark Köln in Cologne; the Museu de Arte Contemporânea Serralves in Porto; the Museum on the Seam in Jerusalem; the Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven, the Netherlands; and the Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen in Düsseldorf.
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