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Biography of Eduardo Chillida

See works in the collection

b. 1924, San Sebastián, Spain | d. 2002, San Sebastián, Spain

1924
Born on January 10.
1943
Moves to Madrid to study architecture at the Universidad de Madrid.
1947
Drops out of architecture school to study drawing at the Círculo de Bellas Artes in Madrid.
Works in José Martínez Repullés's sculpture studio, where he creates his first sculpture.
1948
Moves to Paris, where he forges a friendship with artist Pablo Palazuelo.
1949
Participates in the Salon de Mai in Paris.
1950
Takes part in the exhibition Les mains éblouies at Galerie Maeght in Paris. Marries Pilar Belzunce.
1951
Returns to the Spanish province of Guipúzcoa, settling in Hernani.
Creates his first work in bronze.
1954
Has his first solo exhibition in Spain, at Galería Clan in Madrid.
Creates four doors for the Basílica Nuestra Señora de Aránzazu in Oñate, Spain.
1955
The Kunsthalle Bern presents an exhibition of his work.
1956
Exhibits at Galerie Maeght in Paris.
1958
Receives the International Grand Prize for Sculpture at the XXIX Biennale di Venezia.
Chillida's work is featured in Sculpture and Drawings from Seven Sculptors at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York.
Receives the Graham Foundation Award and exhibits at the Graham Foundation in Chicago.
1959
Participates in Documenta 2 in Kassel, Germany.
Creates his first etchings, first works in wood, and first works in steel.
1960
Receives the Kandinsky Prize, awarded by the “ArtChronika” Cultural Fund.
Forges a friendship with sculptor Alberto Giacometti.
1961
Exhibits at Galerie Maeght in Paris.
1964
Receives the Carnegie Prize, awarded by the Carnegie Museum of Art in Pittsburgh.
1965
Exhibits at Tunnard Gallery in London and the Kestnergesellschaft Hannover.
1966
The Museum of Fine Arts in Houston organizes a retrospective exhibition of Chillida's work.
Receives the inaugural Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Award from the city of Duisburg, Germany. In conjunction with the prize, the Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum mounts an exhibition of his work.
Founds the group GAUR with Amable Arias, Nestor Basterretxea, Remigio Mendiburu, Jorge Oteiza, Rafael Ruiz Balerdi, José Antonio Sistiaga, and José Luis Zumeta.
1967
Takes part in the exhibition Dix ans d'art vivant at the Fondation Maeght in Saint-Paul de Vence, France. Aromas, a series of writings by Chillida, is published.
1968
Chillida's Alrededor del vacío IV is installed at the Kunstmuseum Basel.
Takes part in Documenta 4 in Kassel, Germany.
1969
Chillida's Peine del viento IV is installed opposite the UNESCO headquarters in Paris.
Illustrates Martin Heidegger's Die Kunst und der Raum.
1970
Exhibits at the Frankfurter Kunstkabinett in Frankfurt and the Lunds Konsthall in Lund, Sweden.
Receives the Wellington Prize for Sculpture in Madrid.
1971
Invited to teach at the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts at Harvard University.
Forges a friendship with poet Jorge Guillén.
1972
The Ulmer Museum in Ulm, Germany, organizes an exhibition of Chillida's graphic work.
1975
Receives the Rembrandt-Preis from the Johann Wolfgang von Goethe-Stiftung.
1977
Chillida's work is displayed at the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts at Harvard University.
The series Los peines de los vientos is installed in San Sebastián, Spain.
1978
The Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden presents an exhibition of his work.
Chillida's Lugar de encuentros III is installed on the Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid.
Receives, together with Willem de Kooning, the Andrew W. Mellon Prize, which is accompanied by an exhibition of work by both artists at the Carnegie Museum of Art in Pittsburgh.
1979
The National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., organizes a retrospective exhibition of Chillida's etchings.
The Carnegie Museum of Art in Pittsburgh mounts an anthological exhibition of the artist, which shows more than two hundred works.
1980
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York presents an exhibition of Chillida's work that later travels to Madrid and Bilbao.
1981
Chillida's Lugar de encuentros IV is installed permanently at the Museo de Bellas Artes in Bilbao.
Receives the Medalla de Oro al Mérito en las Bellas Artes from the Spanish Ministry of Culture.
1982
Exhibits at Galerie Beyeler in Basel.
In collaboration with architect Luis Peña Ganchegui, creates Plaza de los Fueros in Vitoria, Spain.
1983
Receives the European Prize for Fine Arts, Strasbourg, France.
1984
Awarded the Grand Prix National des Beaux-Arts by the French government.
1985
Exhibits at Galerie Lelong in Zurich.
Receives the Kaiserring prize from the city of Goslar, Germany.
1986
Exhibits at the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona.
1987
Receives the Premio Príncipe de Asturias for the arts from the Fundación Príncipe de Asturias.
1988
Exhibits the Gravitaciones series at Galería Theo in Madrid.
Receives the Orden Pour le Mérite für Wissenschaften und Künste from the German government.
1989
The retrospective exhibition Dibujos y esculturas, 1948–1989 is presented at the Kunstmuseum Bonn and the Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Münster.
1990
Chillida's work is displayed at the Hayward Gallery in London.
The XLIV Biennale di Venezia includes a solo exhibition of Chillida's work at Palacio Ca' Pesaro in Venice. Chillida's Elogio del horizonte is installed in Gijón, Spain.
1991
The Kunsthalle Basel presents an exhibition of his outdoor sculptures.
A retrospective of Chillida's work is inaugurated at the Palacio de Revillagigedo in Gijón, Spain, and later travels to the Sala Rekalde in Bilbao.
Receives the Praemium Imperiale from the Japan Art Association.
1992
Chillida's first exhibition in his native city is presented at the Palacio Real de Miramar.
1993
The Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt presents an exhibition of Chillida's work.
Elected an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
1994
Named an honorary member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid.
1996
Exhibits at the Museum Würth in Künzelsau, Germany.
The Royal Academy of Arts in London awards Chillida the Jack Goldhill Award for Sculpture.
1997
Receives the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Sculpture Center in Washington, D.C.
1998
The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid presents an exhibition of Chillida's work that later travels to the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. The Institut Valencià
d'Art Modern in Valencia, Spain, presents the show Chillida: Elogio del hierro.
2000
The Museo Chillida-Leku opens in Hernani, Spain.
2001
The Musée du Jeu de Paume in Paris and the Kunstmuseum Bonn present exhibitions of Chillida's work.
2002
Hand sketches by Chillida are exhibited at the Sala Bancaja in Valencia, Spain.
Receives the Medaille des Arts from the Académie d'Architecture in Paris.
Dies on August 19 and is buried in Chillida-Leku, Hernani.
2003
Posthumously awarded the Premi Internacional Julio González from the Institute Valencià d'Art Modern in Valencia, Spain, and the Orden del Mérito Constitucional by the Spanish government.
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