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Biography of Daniel Buren

See works in the collection

b. 1938, Boulogne-Billancourt, France

1938
Born on March 25.
1957–60
Studies at the École des Métiers d'Art in Paris, where he explores several different disciplines, including sculpture and painting.
1959
Records a film in Mexico.
1960
After a brief spell at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, decides to devote himself exclusively to painting.
1960–61 and 1965
Works on several murals on the island of Saint Croix, in the Virgin Islands.
1965
Begins to work with the vertical stripes that come to characterize all his art production.
The stripes are a uniform 8.7 centimeters in width and are applied to a variety of materials.
Receives an award at the IV Biennale de Paris and the Lefranc Prize.
1967
Together with artists Olivier Mosset, Michel Parmentier, and Niele Toroni, participates in a series of exhibitions dedicated to reducing painting to the most elemental physical and
visual elements through the systematic repetition of motifs. All take place in Paris between January and September: Manifestation no. 1 at the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, Manifestation no. 3 at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, and Manifestation no. 4 at the 5ème Biennale de Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. (Manifestation no. 2 is to be held at the Salon de la Jeune Peinture also, but the artists take down their paintings on the opening day.)
1968
Presents his work at Galleria Apollinaire in Milan.
Invited by Guido Le Noci, director of Galleria Apollinaire, to take part in Prospect 68 in Düsseldorf.
1969
Participates in Prospect 69 in Düsseldorf and without being invited to the exhibition When Attitude Becomes Form, creates Affichages sauvages at the Kunsthalle Bern.
The solo exhibition Interruption is presented at Galerie Yvon Lambert in Paris.
1970
Begins creating in situ works featuring vertical stripes in various urban spaces in France and Switzerland. Lacking the required permits to install his work, the artist runs into a number of legal problems, including arrest, in the following years.
1971
Invited to participate in Guggenheim International Exhibition, 1971 at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York. Once his vast striped banner is installed in the center of the museum's rotunda, however, some of the participating artists complain that it obstructs the view of their works in the show, and the banner is removed from display.
Exhibits at Städtiches Museum Mönchengladbach (dir. Johannes Cladders), Germany.
1972
Takes part in Documenta 5 in Kassel, Germany, and Pintura affissa at Incontri Internazionali d'Arte in Rome.
1973
The Museum of Modern Art in Oxford presents an exhibition of Buren's work.
Has an exhibition entitled Within and Beyond the Frame at John Weber Gallery in New York.
1975
Creates his first Cabane éclatée, works created in situ in which the relationship with the setting plays an important part.
1977
Takes part in Documenta 6 in Kassel, Germany.
1980
The Nouveau Musée, Institut d'Art Contemporain in Villeurbanne, France, presents an exhibition of Buren's work.
1982
Takes part in Documenta 7 in Kassel, Germany.
1985
Creates the in situ permanent work Les deux plateaux at the Palais Royal in Paris.
Presents his work La rencontre des sites at the Nouvelle Biennale de Paris.
1986
Represents France at the XLII Biennale di Venezia, where he is awarded the Leone d'Oro for best pavilion.
Begins work on the in situ work Diagonale pour des bambous at Parc de la Villette in Paris; work on the installation will be completed the following year.
1987
Creates the in situ work Frieze Paint, commissioned by Refco in New York.
Also begins work on the permanent works Ipotesi su alcuni indizi—Part II at the Museo di Capodimonte in Naples, Italy (completed in 1997), and Das Cafe at the Von der Heydt-Museum in Wuppertal, Germany (completed in 1990).
1991
CAPC, Musée d'Art Contemporain de Bordeaux presents the exhibition Dominant-dominé.
Creates the in situ work Double rythme at the Kongresshalle in Saarbrücken, Germany.
1993
Creates the in situ permanent work Poser/déposer/exposer at the Café Richelieu at the Musée du Louvre.
1994
Creates two in situ works in Lyon: Sens dessus-dessous at Parc des Célestins and Déplacement-jaillissement: D'une fontaine les autres at Place des Terreaux. Begins work on
Diagonale pour des pilasters—Losanges pour des couleurs, a work in the Deutsch Telekom building in Bonn, Germany (completed in 1995).
1996
Creates the permanent work 25 porticos: La couleur et ses reflets on Odaiba, an island in Tokyo Bay.
1998
Creates the in situ permanent work Passage sous-bois at Kimpo National Park in South Korea.
Begins work on the in situ permanent work Trois points de vue pour un dialogue—Œuvre en hommage au Cardinal Decourtray in Jerusalem (completed in 2000).
1999
Exhibits at the Neues Museum Weserburg Bremen in Bremen, Germany.
2000
Two relevant exhibitions: The Musée d'Art Moderne Lille Métropole in Lille, France, holds a retrospective exhibition of Buren's paintings, entitled Une traversée: Peintures, 1964–1999 and The Institut d'Art Contemporain, Villeurbanne, France, exhibits a series of cabins.
2001
Exhibits at the Kunsthaus Bregenz in Bregenz, Austria.
Takes part in the Fourth Shenzhen Contemporary Sculpture Exhibition at the He Xiangning Art Museum in Shenzhen, China.
Creates the in situ work White and Green Fence at the Farm, a private sculpture park on Kaipara Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand.
2002
The Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris presents the solo exhibition Le musée qui n'existait pas.
2003
Has an exhibition at the Toyota Municipal Museum of Art in Toyota, Japan, and the museum acquires the work The Colors Suspended: 3 Exploded Cabins.
2004
Creates the in situ permanent work Le jardin imaginaire at Sint-Donatuspark in Louvain, Belgium.
2005
The exhibition The Eye of the Storm: Works in situ by Daniel Buren is inaugurated at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York.
2006
Chosen by the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao to create a large-scale work, Arcos rojos/Arku gorriak at the Puente la Salve to celebrate the museum's tenth anniversary.
Exhibits at the Espai d'Art Contemporani de Castelló in Castelló, Spain.
The Museum of Modern Art in Oxford presents the exhibition Intervention II.
Takes part in the Biennale Architettura di Venezia, creating a project in collaboration with architect Patrick Bouchain, designer Francis Lacloche, and the architects' collective Exyzt.
Earns the Praemium Imperiale on painting in Tokyo.
2007
The newly renovated Musée Fabre in Montpellier, France, reopens with a permanent work by Buren entitled La portée.
Exhibits at Lisson Gallery in London.
2008
Installs the in situ work La coupure at the Musée Picasso in Paris.
2009
Inaugurates the permanent work Bleus sur Jaune at the Place de la Justice, Brussels.
2010
Participates in a round table discussion entitled Une Soirée avec Monet organized by the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, and gives a lecture entitled La maintenance des œuvres crées pour l'espace public at the École supérieure d'Art d'Avignon in Avignon, France.
Creates the site-specific permanent installation Danza tra triangoli e losanghe per tre colori at the Museo d'Arte Contemporanea di Roma (MACRO). Creates a number of site-specific works for: Meilleure ville, meilleure vie, an exhibition for the French pavilion at the Shanghai World's Fair, China; the program Art Parcours at the 41st edition of Art Basel, Basel; L'Espace de l'Art Concret in Mouans-Sartoux, France; Stommeln synagogue in Germany; Galeria Hilario Galguera in Mexico City; the Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean in Luxembourg; the Monnaie de Paris in Paris; and for the Festival Circa 2010 in Auch, France.
2011
The exhibition Allegro Vivace is inaugurated at the Staatliche Kunsthalle in Baden-Baden, Germany. His work is also shown at Madison Gallery, La Jolla, California: The Gallery at Hermès, New York; and at Galería Hilario Galguera, Mexico City. The Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, France, in cooperation with the Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, Luxembourg, invites Buren to create a site-specific work for its Galerie 3. Participates in the symposium Expanded Conceptualism with a talk entitled A few years around 1968, and gives a lecture called À propos de quelques travaux de 1965 à aujourd'hui at the Théâtre National de Bordeaux en Aquitaine, Bordeaux.
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