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Biography of Anish Kapoor

See works in the collection

b. 1954, Bombay, India

1973–77
Moves from India to England. Takes classes at the Hornsey College of Art in London and comes into contact with other artists for the first time.
1977–78
While studying at the Chelsea School of Art, Kapoor is included in the group exhibition Young Contemporaries at the Royal Academy of Arts in London.
1979
Accepts a teaching position at Wolverhampton Polytechnic in the Midlands. Creates his first pieces using pigments, the 1,000 Names series.
1980
Has his first solo exhibition, at Galerie Patrice Alexandre in Paris, presenting several works from the 1,000 Names series.
1981
Participates in the exhibition British Sculpture in the Twentieth Century: Part Two, Symbol and Imagination 1951–1980 at the Whitechapel Art Gallery in London.
1982
Shows pigment sculptures at Lisson Gallery in London.
1983
Has solo exhibitions at Galerie 't Venster in Rotterdam, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool (travels to Le Nouveau Musée in Lyon), and Lisson Gallery in London.
1984
Kapoor's first exhibition in the United States takes place at Barbara Gladstone Gallery in New York. All the works are sold before the opening, and the show is praised by critics.
1985
A solo exhibition at the Kunsthalle Basel travels to the Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
1986
Has his second solo exhibition at Barbara Gladstone Gallery, confirming his increasing recognition in New York. Also has solo exhibitions at the Kunstnernes Hus in Oslo; Albright-Knox
Art Gallery in Buffalo, New York; and the University Gallery at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
1987
Kapoor’s At the Hub of Things marks the peak of his transition toward the “void pieces.” The creation process for these pieces leads to his first works in stone.
Has solo exhibitions at Ray Hughes Gallery in Sydney and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Brisbane.
1988
Begins what will become a key work, Adam.
Has a solo exhibition at Lisson Gallery in London.
1989
Has exhibitions at Barbara Gladstone Gallery in New York; Kohji Ogura Gallery in Nagoya, Japan; and Lisson Gallery in London.
1990
Represents Great Britain at the Venice Biennale, receiving the Premio Duemila for best young artist.
Meets Homi K. Bhabha.
The Tate Gallery in London presents Anish Kapoor: Drawings.
1991
Receives the Turner Prize.
Solo exhibitions are presented at the Palacio de Velázquez in Madrid and Kunstverein Hannover.
1992
Takes part in Documenta IX in Kassel with the work Descent into Limbo (1992), which requires the first building constructed especially to house the artist’s work.
For Expo ’92 in Seville, works with the architect David Connor to create Building for a Void.
A solo exhibition is presented by the Museum of Contemporary Art in San Diego and later travels to the Des Moines Art Center in Des Moines, Iowa; National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa; and the Power Plant Contemporary Art Gallery in Toronto.
1993
Exhibits at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art and Barbara Gladstone Gallery in New York.
Carries out two joint projects, his first multidisciplinary collaborations: a stage design for a dance performance, and a musical collaboration involving five sculptures.
1994
The Moderna Galerija in Ljubljana and Kohji Ogura Gallery in Nagoya present solo exhibitions.
1995
One of Kapoor’s first mirror works, Turning the World Upside Down (1995), is installed at the Fondazione Prada in Milan.
The De Pont Foundation for Contemporary Art in Tilburg, Netherlands, presents the exhibition Anish Kapoor.
Kapoor’s work is also exhibited at Nishimura Gallery in Tokyo and Lisson Gallery in London.
1996
The exhibitions Anish Kapoor: Sculptures and Anish Kapoor: Two Sculptures are presented at Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova in Turku, Finland, and Kettle’s Yard in Cambridge, respectively.
1997
Receives honorary doctorates from the London Institute and University of Leeds.
Participates in Arte all'Arte 2, organized by Associazione Arte Continua in San Gimignano, Italy.
1998
Solo exhibitions are presented by the Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea in Santiago de Compostela; CAPC, Musée d'art contemporain, in Bordeaux; Galleria Massimo Minini
in Brescia; Gladstone Gallery in New York; Hayward Gallery in London; and Chapelle de la Salpetrière in Paris.
1999
Receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Wolverhampton.
Elected Royal Academician of the Royal Academy of Arts in London.
Along with the engineer Neil Thomas, produces the installation Taratantara at the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art in Gateshead, United Kingdom.
2000
Lisson Gallery in London presents the solo exhibition Blood.
Taratantara
(1999) is exhibited in Piazza del Plebiscito in Naples.
Produces the permanent installation At the Edge of the World for Axel Vervoordt Kanaal in Wijnegem, Belgium.
2001
Awarded an honorary fellowship by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
Has solo exhibitions at the Kunsthalle Helsinki and at Gladstone Gallery in New York.
The Nottingham Playhouse commissions Kapoor to produce his first permanent open-air work in the United Kingdom, Sky Mirror.
2002
With technical help from engineer Cecil Balmond, creates Marsyas for the Unilever Series in the Turbine Hall of Tate Modern in London.
2003
Is named Commander of the Order of the British Empire in recognition of his contribution to the arts.
The work My Red Homeland (2003) is shown in an exhibition of the same name at the Kunsthaus Bregenz in Bregenz, Austria.
Exhibits at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli in Naples and Galleria Continua in San Gimignano, Italy.
Receives a joint commission with Future Systems for the Traiano metro station in Naples.
2004
Kapoor’s first public work in the United States, Cloud Gate, is installed in Millennium Park in Chicago.
Has solo exhibitions at Gladstone Gallery in New York; Galleria Massimo Minini in Brescia; and the Musée des arts contemporains du Grand-Hornu in Boussu, Belgium.
Wins a competition to create a monument for the British Memorial Garden in New York, a new park paying homage to British soldiers and victims of the attack on the World Trade Center in 2001.
Kapoor’s Untitled (2004) is installed in the Castello di Ama in Gaiole in Chianti, Italy.
2005
The solo exhibition Japanese Mirrors is shown at SCAI The Bathhouse in Tokyo. 
Participates in Arte all’Arte 10, organized by Associazione Arte Continua, creating a permanent installation in the Torrione di Sant’Agostino in San Gimignano, Italy.
2006
Exhibits in South America for the first time, at the Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil in Rio de Janeiro. The exhibition, titled Anish Kapoor: Ascension, later travels to Brasilia and São Paulo.
Sky Mirror
(2006) is shown at Rockefeller Center in New York.
The Centro de arte contemporáneo in Malaga presents the exhibition Anish Kapoor: My Red Homeland.
2007
The Musée des Beaux-Arts in Nantes, France, shows the work Svayambh (2007). The same work is shown later in the year, along with other works by the artist, in Anish Kapoor: Svayambh at the Haus der Kunst in Munich.
Exhibits at Gladstone Gallery in New York and Galleria Continua in Beijing.
2008
The exhibition Anish Kapoor: Past, Present, Future takes place at the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston.
The Royal Institute of British Architects in London presents Place/No Place: Anish Kapoor in Architecture.
The Deutsche Guggenheim in Berlin presents the site-specific commissioned work Memory (2008), which will be shown at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York in 2009–10.
Exhibits at Gladstone Gallery in New York; Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, in Washington, D.C.; and Museo de Santa Clara in Murcia, Spain.
Reveals plans for the Tees Valley Giants project, a series of large-scale public sculptures located in the northeast of England, in Middlesbrough, Stockton, Redcar, Hartlepool, and Darlington, realized in collaboration with engineer Cecil Balmond.
2009
Serves as artistic director of the Brighton Festival and exhibits his work in and around the city.
MAK Österreichisches Museum für angewandte Kunst/Gegenwartskunst in Vienna presents Anish Kapoor: Shooting into the Corner, and the Royal Academy of Arts in London presents Anish Kapoor (travels to the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao in 2010).  Regen Projects in Los Angeles presents Anish Kapoor: Drawings.
2010
The Royal Parks and the Serpentine Gallery present Anish Kapoor: Turning the World Upside Down, an exhibition of four large-scale outdoor sculptures installed in Kensington Gardens, London.
The public sculpture Temenos (2010), part of the Tees Valley Giants project, is installed in Middlesbrough.
Kapoor’s Celestial Mirror (2010) is exhibited at the State Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.
Wins a commission to build the grand ArcelorMittal Orbit for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.
2011
Kapoor’s Tall Tree and the Eye (2009) is acquired by the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.
Creates the site-specific piece Leviathan (2011) for Monumenta at the Grand Palais in Paris, dedicating the work to the artist Ai Weiwei.
Takes part in the Venice Biennale with Ascension (2006), installed in the Basilica di San Giorgio, Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore.
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